Essay writing guide
6 steps to breaking down a Paper 2 essay question
Step 1: What is the command term?
Everyone question has one and it tells you how the question will be assessed and how much to write.
Step 2: What global politics knowledge that we need for this question?
Step 3: What are the key concepts?
Step 4: What is the pivot point to the essay?
Step 5: What are my main arguments?
Step 6: How will I structure my arguments for this question?
Question: Discuss whether conflict poses the greatest threat to human rights.
Discuss (AO3 Offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence.)
Unit 2: Human rights and Unit 4: Peace and conflict.
Conflict and human rights
Conflict is the greatest threat to human rights versus conflict is not the greatest threat to human rights
(3rd argument: versus conflict is sometimes the greatest threat to human rights if X,Y.Z )
E.g. Armed conflict kills and displaces more people at once/ more people (as a global total) are impacted by human rights abuses due to structural violence than direct violence/ there is greater awareness and laws around conflict and human rights abuses compared to other abuses
Based on the above arguments, I will structure my essay around the theme of scale.
Task: take a different question and try to break it down using the 5 steps
Questions taken from May 2019 Paper 2
Power, sovereignty and international relations
Evaluate the effectiveness of collective security in responding to threats from state and non-state actors.
“For human rights laws and treaties to be effective, states must give up some sovereignty”. Evaluate this statement.
Evaluate the claim that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have a limited effect on development.
Peace and conflict
Evaluate the claim that conflict resolution is not always possible through negotiations and treaties.