Codification, protection and monitoring of human rights

2.2.1 Core Instruments of Human Rights

2.2.1 Core Human Rights Instruments


2.2.1 Core Human Rights Instruments


2.2.1 DP2 2018

Class of 2018

2.2.2 International Courts

2.2.2 Protection and enforcement of human rights


Treaty bodies


Case Study: The Rwandan Genocide and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

2.2.2 Human Rights Courts




Link to the live court case of Félicien Kabuga at the UN International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals, 2022


Theory and Rwanda Case Study

Applying IR Theory to Rwanda

Some of you will have watched the film Hotel Rwanda. This is a simplification of a complex story for the purposes of making a movie. There is no one truth about what happened.

2.2.3 Human Rights Monitoring

Case Study: Amnesty International

2.2.3 Core Human Rights Instruments


This documentary contains violent content.

Essay questions

Examine the claim that human rights as presented in treaties and covenants are not enforceable and are therefore of little use to vulnerable populations.

The central problem with international human rights laws and treaties is that they are open to different interpretations. Discuss this view.

“The evolution of human rights since 1948 has undermined the effectiveness of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” To what extent do you agree with this claim?